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Design and Technology

Through a variety of creative and practical activities, pupils should be taught the knowledge, understanding and skills needed to engage in an iterative process of designing and making.  They should work in a range of relevant contexts, such as the home, school, leisure, culture, enterprise, industry and the wider environment.
 
When designing and making, pupils should be taught to:
 
Design
  • Use research and develop criteria to inform the design of innovative, functional, appealing products that are fit for purpose, aimed at particular individuals or groups
  • Generate, develop, model and communicate their ideas through discussion, annotated sketches, cross-sectional and exploded diagrams, prototypes, pattern pieces and computer-aided design
 Make
  • Select from and use a wider range of tools and equipment to perform practical tasks, such as cutting, shaping, joining and finishing, accurately
  • Select from and use a wider range of materials and components, including construction materials, textiles and ingredients, according to their functional properties and aesthetic qualities
 
Evaluate
  • Investigate and analyse a range of existing products
  • Evaluate their ideas and products against their own design criteria and consider the views of others to improve their work
  • Understand how key events and individuals in design and technology have helped shape the world
 Technical knowledge
  • Apply their understanding of how to strengthen, stiffen and reinforce more complex structures
  • Understand and use mechanical systems in their products, such as gears, pulleys, cams, levers and linkages
  • Understand and use electrical systems in their products, such as series circuits incorporating switches, bulbs, buzzers and motors
  • Apply their understanding of computing to programme, monitor and control their products
  
Cooking and nutrition
  • Understand and apply the principles of a healthy and varied diet
  • Prepare and cook a variety of predominantly savoury dishes using a range of cooking techniques
  • Understand seasonality and know where and how a variety of ingredients are grown, reared, caught and processed
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